Development, Planning, and Implementation: The Dialectic of Theory and Practice

Two glass buildings rise into the sky. They glow pink as they reflect the sunset.

Two towers are completed as part of Hudson Yards, the largest private real estate development in the history of the United States. It will include 18 million square feet of commercial and residential space, and will have the highest outdoor observation deck in the western hemipshere, at 1,100 feet. (Image courtesy of Andreas Komodromos on flickr. License CC BY-NC.)


MIT Course Number


As Taught In

Fall 2017



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Course Description

Course Features

Course Description

This is an advanced graduate-level seminar that will analyze the effectiveness of development and planning theories from the perspective of practitioners who implement projects and policies based on such theories. The course will be organized around 12 implementation puzzles, which should be considered for re-theorizing both developmental and planning processes.

Related Content

Bishwapriya Sanyal, and Cauam Ferreira Cardoso. 11.S943 Development, Planning, and Implementation: The Dialectic of Theory and Practice. Fall 2017. Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare, License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA.

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